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Does credit card debt lead to depression?


Credit cards can carry more than high interest rates—they actually might increase your chances of depression.

It’s common sense that high levels of debt can stress you out. Now researchers have found a statistically significant link between short-term household debt, such as credit card debt and overdue bills, and increases in symptoms of depression. (The math is complicated but those interested can read more here).

The link between depression and debt was strongest among unmarried people, people near retirement and those who are less educated, according to the new study by researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. The study also found that, on average, people’s depressive symptoms tend to increase as their short-term debt rises. (Tweet This.)

“Our results suggest that taking on unsecured debt may adversely influence psychological well-being,” said Lawrence Berger, the study’s lead author and director of the University of Wisconsin-Madison’s Institute for Research on Poverty.

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Submitted by:

Andrew G Balbus
Balbus Law Firm

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Mortgages After Bankruptcy

02MORT-GRAPHIC-master675A personal bankruptcy stands out as a conspicuous blemish on a consumer’s credit report for as long as 10 years. But the barrier it presents to obtaining a mortgage doesn’t have to last that long.

Many individuals who sought bankruptcy protection during the recent recession, which officially ended in 2009, may now be eligible to apply for a mortgage. The mandatory waiting periods to apply for a mortgage backed by Fannie Mae or the Federal Housing Administration last from two to four years.

Continue to Read the complete article……

Submitted by:

Andrew G Balbus
Balbus Law Firm

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How Do Repair Shops Come Up with an Estimate?

These days, automotive service and repair shops are getting more calls than ever asking for an estimate. We understand that this is mostly due to the economy. People are understandably searching for the best value, and they want to make sure they can afford to pay for the service.

Many consumers want to know exactly how we arrive at the estimated price, so I thought I would take a moment and explain.

An estimate consists of three parts:

  1. The labor rate
  2. Parts and supplies
  3. Overhead

Labor Rate
An automotive service and repair shop estimates the labor rate by determining how long any given service or repair should take. These guidelines are further established by the manufacturer of each vehicle estimating the time it takes a trained technician to perform the specific task.

Parts and Supplies
Since we can’t fix things without parts and supplies, they are also included in the estimate. There are two kinds of parts—OEM and “Aftermarket.” The parts manufactured by the original car manufacturer are known as original equipment manufacturer or OEM parts. Aftermarket car parts include parts for replacement, collision, performance, and appearance. These parts are usually cheaper than the new OEM parts.

Shops such as mine make sure we use quality parts since they last longer and, in our opinion, save our customers more money down the road. These parts also come with a warranty, so if the part fails or doesn’t perform as it should, we can replace it without the consumer having to pay for it all over again. My shop has a 24,000-mile/2-year warranty, for example. Supplies include such things as replacement fluids and disposal fees.

Items that might be included in overhead costs are the building lease/mortgage and utilities; the constant training service technicians must take to keep up with technology; diagnostic and scanning equipment; and staff benefits.

The goal of independent service and repair shops is to provide quality parts and labor with an excellent warranty.

I hope this helps clarify how we arrive at an estimate.

Happy Motoring!

Federal Automotive Service & Towing


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